What You Should Know about Dementia
Dementia according to the WHO, is a syndrome, wherein the individual afflicted with the condition undergoes a progressive deterioration of their cognitive functions which primarily includes the inability to process thought. It is worrisome because a person with dementia experiences a loss of their mental functions at a faster pace than expected along with the lifespan.
Cognitive functions that are affected include memory impairment, ability to engage in a clear line of thinking, orientation, learning ability, retention of information and language along with erratic social behavior, and loss of control over one’s emotions.
This illness affects every person in a different manner. The signs and symptoms of dementia are distributed across three stages, are as follows:
- Losing temporal sense
- Experiencing a sense of being lost in familiar places such as the park, community stores, etc.
- Inability to remember or recollect names, places, and dates based on earlier retention ability.
- Experiencing a stronger sense of feeling lost at their own houses, or care facilities
- Inability to communicate as they begin to lose their train of thought and sense of date and events and people.
- Individuals in the middle stage start to indicate a need for help with personal care.
- Wandering off and repeatedly asking similar questions.
- Total loss of sense of time and place
- Difficulty in recollecting family and friends
- Increased need for assistance with self-care
- Difficulty in walking
- Loss of emotional control and often showing aggression due to the inability to remember things.
World health organization. 2020. Dementia. [Online]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dementia [Accessed on 18 April 2021].